Hidden Secrets of Clove Bud & the Clove Bud Plant

Rich, warm, sweet-spicy, eugenolic aroma 

Clove Bud

Botanical name (Latin): Syzygium aromaticum / Eugenia caryophyllata
Plant family: Myrtaceae
Aroma profile: Clove Bud Essential Oil smells spicy, warming yet slightly bitter. It is also slightly woody in character and is reminiscent in aroma.
Perfumery note: Middle
Parts used: Buds
Essential oil extraction method: Steam distillation
Native region/origin
: Indonesia
Growing habit: Small reddish brown flower buds
Breathe Beauty: Rich, warm, sweet-spicy, eugenolic aroma 

Benefits of Clove Bud Essential Oil

Cloves are a powerhouse of traditional beneficial applications! In traditional Indian and Chinese medicines, they are used as warming and stimulating agents and for anti-microbial applications, while in Western herbalism they have been used to treat viruses, bacteria, and infections. Clove oil has long been used as a topical analgesic in dental care, as well as a means of managing muscle aches and pains. It is further reputed to help manage digestive upset, to help support a healthy respiratory system, and to have a beneficial impact on healing bruises, cuts, and abrasions.

The longstanding use of cloves in traditional medicine has prompted a scientific investigation into its molecular properties. Recently, Clove Bud Essential Oil and its chief chemical constituents have demonstrated antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant activities in laboratory studies using in vitro human skin disease models. The oil has also demonstrated insecticidal properties and aphrodisiac value in animal models. Clove Bud Essential Oil contains a rich composition of phytochemicals, including sesquiterpenes, monoterpenes, and phenolic compounds, but its three main constituents are eugenol, eugenyl acetate, and beta-caryophyllene.

Other benefits: Pain Relief, Bacterial Infection, Fungal Infection, Viral Skin Infection, Warts, Verrucas, Toothache, Gum Disease, Muscle Pain, Rheumatism, Flu, Bronchitis, Tired Limbs, Nausea, Flatulence, Stomach Cramp, Abdominal Spasm, Parasitic Infection, Scabies, Ringworm

History of Clove Bud Essential Oil

Clove buds derived their name from the Latin term 'clavus' meaning 'nail', a reference to their distinctive shape. The clove tree holds a special symbolism in the islands of its origin; traditionally, when a child was born, locals would plant a clove tree, linking the child's life to the life cycle of the tree. While the precise details of when cloves first made their way out of the Spice Islands are open to speculation, their value across cultures and the impact they made on global trade is well documented.

In China, records trace the use of cloves back to the Han dynasty of the early second century BCE, where they were chewed as breath fresheners in addition to being used in food and medicine. From China, it is believed that cloves migrated to Greece and Egypt in the first century CE. By the second century, they reached India, where they would play a significant role in Ayurvedic medicine. Phoenician traders spread them throughout the Mediterranean over the course of the next two centuries and Jewish traders later spread them throughout Europe where they were used as preservatives and garnishes.

Trade of cloves was under Chinese control between the 15th and 16th centuries, after which the Portuguese developed a monopoly that lasted about a hundred years. The Dutch were the next to dominate commerce in the 17th and 18th centuries, manipulating the market to ensure high prices by destroying cultivation on many of their native islands. The market value was so high at this time that in Britain, cloves were said to be worth their weight in gold. This prompted King Charles II in 1662 to forbid the purchase of cloves by any English person unless it came directly from the producers. Around the same time, French smugglers broke the Dutch monopoly, bringing cloves from the East Indies to islands in the Indian Ocean and to the New World.

While the cultivation of cloves was confined to Indonesia for most of its history, it spread all over the world after the Dutch monopoly was dismantled. By the early 21st century, India, Madagascar, Tanzania, Brazil, Bangladesh, Comoros, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka were all major producers of cloves, although Indonesia remains the world's largest producer. While cloves are typically harvested during the dry months of June-August in Indonesia, they are now available throughout the year for oil production due to the different harvest seasons in the different regions where they are cultivated. Demand for Clove Essential Oil has been on the rise in recent years and remains high due to its popularity in foods, nutraceuticals, cosmetics, and natural body care products.

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